Have you wondered why Mauritius is called the seven-colored earth in a safe haven?
Mauritius, a tropical island paradise and arguably Africa’s wealthiest destination; is one of the world’s top luxury tourism destinations. It possesses a wide range of natural and man-made attractions, enjoys a tropical climate with clear warm sea waters, attractive beaches, with tropical fauna, flora, and complemented with a multi-ethnic and cultural population that is friendly and welcoming. The Island is well known as the rainbow paradise, because of its richly diverse cultural and peaceful blend of religions.
Mauritius offers a wealth of natural beauty and exciting activities; the island holds several unique natural features. The Seven Colored Earths are a geological formation and prominent tourist attraction in the Chamarel plain of the Rivière Noire District in south-western of the Island. Including The Black River Gorges and two UNESCO World Heritage status monuments.
The stunning island is world-renowned for its dazzling natural beauty. Amongst the most fabled facets are the long golden beaches, stunning turquoise lagoons, a 400-year-old forest, and its undulating volcanic landscapes. There are also some incredible mountains in Mauritius, and it carries serious historical importance. The five mountain ranges in Mauritius are The Grand Port Range, The Bambous Range, The Savanne Range, The Black River Range, and the Moka Range. The names of the mountains in these ranges are based on their formations and appearance where others draw their names from legends and myths.
Mauritius is home to unique wildlife and biodiversity, particularly endemic species with a variety of beautiful white sandy beaches and blue lagoons.
Certainly, this Island has a jumbled history. The Arab sailors were first to discover the uninhabited forest island of Mauritius during the 9th century, and then the Portuguese in 1505, it was the Dutch who first began to colonize the island, with the Dutch East Company taking possession in 1598 and naming it Mauritius after Mauritz de Nassau, the Prince of Holland.
The Dutch setup sugar cane plantations, imported Madagascan African (slave) workers, and hunted the dodo to extinction, logged the black ebony trees to near extinction and introduced a number of foreign animals including pigs and Java deer, which escaped and went on to establish large feral populations. However, it was Abandoned by the Dutch, after stripping the Island of its endemic nature and species.
In 1715, the island became a French colony but started their occupation in 1721, re-naming the landmark, and changed the island’s name to Ile de France. However, during the Napoleonic Wars, despite the French naval victory French rule was challenged by the British, who after an unsuccessful attempt, managed to conquer the island in 1810, renaming it Mauritius. British possession of the island was confirmed four years later by the Treaty of Paris in 1814. Nonetheless, French institutions, including the Napoleonic Code of law, were maintained, and the French language was still more widely used than English.
The island specializes in exportation and local trade and it has developed over time as a result of its industrialization and Agricultural produce. About 40 percent of the island’s surface is being used for cultivation, and roughly 90 percent is sugar cane. The remaining, tea, tobacco, and food crops. The industry has played an important role in the economic development of Mauritius. The sector has also experienced a major shift from traditional manufacturing to high-technology manufacturing and service activities such as precision and light engineering, technical textiles, original equipment manufacturing, medical devices, and pharmaceuticals.
Mauritius has a diverse population made up of people who came or were brought to the island during its history. Many have blended African, European, Indian, or Chinese heritage and follow faiths as diverse as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. This has produced a culture with diverse beliefs, rich cuisine, and colorful festivals. Despite being a secular country, most Mauritians acknowledge religion to be a major part of their identity.
This Island has its own unique music called Séga. It is considered the national music of Mauritius, and is not appropriated by any particular ethnicity or cultural group, and is loved by all. It is rhythmic, lively music which originated from the African slaves, as a way to dispel their sadness and misery, and is almost always sung in creole.
Approximately, two-thirds of the population is of Indo-Pakistani origin, most of whom are descendants of indentured laborers brought to work in the sugar industry during the 19th and early 20th centuries. About one-fourth of the population is Creole (of mixed French and African descent), and there are small numbers of people of Chinese and Franco-Mauritian descent, with a total population of over 1.265 million people.
Mauritius in the western Indian Ocean, in the African continent, lies in the region of the western highlands of the country, about 2,000km southeast with its capital and largest city Port Louis. The Island gained independence on March 12, 1968, and become a republic on 12 March 1992, it is now one of Africa’s most democratic, prosperous, and stable nations.
The nation has been able to adapt with business-friendly policies that allowed its economy to continue to diversify and thrive. Mauritius is one of the African leading regions in success. This island success story is borne out in various world rankings. Rule of law regulatory efficiency, government size, open markets, and economic freedom.
Despite many differences, the major political parties have worked successfully toward the country’s economic welfare. For this reason, Mauritius has evolved from a primarily agricultural mono-crop economy, marked by high unemployment, low salaries, and boom cycles to one dominated by manufacturing, tourism, and expanding financial services. As Mauritius faces the future, it can look back on its dazzling economic performance and attempt to build on that success by continuing its tradition of political stability, foresight, and prudent development planning.
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