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Libya

Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.

7 Best Cities in Libya to Visit

1) Tripoli

Tripoli began as a commercial center named Oea by the Phoenicians in the 7th century. Sea was then occupied by the Romans, the Vandals, the Byzantines, the Arabs, the Spaniards, and then the Turks. The modern and largest city in Libya was controlled by Italy between 1911 and 1943, after which the British occupied it until 1951 when Libya gained independence. The contemporary city of Tripoli is an economic hub, with industries ranging from food processing, textiles, tobacco products, construction products, and woven goods. The city is also the primary seaport in Libya. Most of Tripoli’s inhabitants are Berber and Arabs and a small population of immigrants from countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Greece, India, and Pakistan. Major tourist attractions of this popular city in Libya like Old Medina, Red Castle, Darghut Mosque, the Martyr’s Square, the Karamanli House, and Janzur Museum all you will find here. Tripoli experiences overcrowding, traffic jams and a strain on public amenities due to its high population. Migrants and refugees have been flocking to the city due to its location near Europe, in recent times.

2) Benghazi

Benghazi is Libya’s second-major city in Libya having an estimated population of 650,629. The city was established by the Greeks, and it was known as Euesperides. Benghazi was then occupied by the Romans and heavily destroyed by the Vandals and Ottoman Pirates. The city was devastated during the Second World War, and it ultimately fell into British hands. Today, Benghazi is an administrative as well as an economic and cultural center. The industrial sector of this best city in Libya is dominated by the fishing, processing of food, oil refining, processing of salt, cement and construction products, textiles, and tanning. The city’s population is majorly made up of Arabs and small numbers of immigrants from Egypt, Greece, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, and other African nations. Historical Monuments in the city include the 19th century Ottoman Palace, Benghazi Catholic Cathedral, Greek ruins, Turkish Churches, and Berenice Cinema.

3) Misrata

In the 7th century, this top city in Libya began as a trade center known as Tubaktwhen Libya was under Caliphate rule. After occupation by the Ottoman Empire from 1551, the city was captured by the Italians. The modern city of Misrata was an important rebel zone during the Libyan Civil War which overthrew Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. The city’s tax-free zone has significantly contributed to the country’s economy by attracting entrepreneurs and investors. The city has an excellent transport infrastructure including Misrata Airport.

4) Bayda

Having a population of 250,000 Bayda is considered in one of the cities to visit in Libya. Began as a city named Balagrae, and Bayda was renamed AZ Zawiya Al Bayda in the 19th century. The contemporary city was constructed in the 1950s, and it was intended to be an administrative center. The city’s economy mainly relies on agriculture with products including grapes and apples. The tombs of Sari and Rawayfa are located in the city.  These tow eminent personalities are known as companions of Prophet Muhammad. Bayda is situated near the Akdar Mountains. These mountains are renowned for their unique flora and fauna.

5) Ghadames City

At the node between Libya, Algeria, and Tunisia, Ghadames City is situated on it. The streets of this famous city in Libya are all roofed to protect them from extreme temperatures. Although there are light wells every few meters to allow diffuse sunlight to enter, one quickly gets lost in the maze of streets because there is nothing to help the traveler with orientation. Now largely uninhabited, about a dozen houses are open to visitors. There are also a few shops and mosques to visit (just before prayers is the best time). The houses are made of sun-dried brick, whitewashed and beautifully decorated on the inside.

6) Dirj

If want to see and experience the traditional Libyan culture then the city of Dirj in Libya is a great place for it. This little and one of the best cities to visit in Libya reflects the traditional Libyan culture way more accurately than many other old and ancient cities in Libya. For tourists, it is known as a little paradise right in the heart of the unforgiving desert. There is an abandoned old village of Old Dirj, within the city of Dirj. Traditionally built houses constructed many years ago can be found in this beautiful village. It is one of the lesser-known tourist places in Libya.

7) Ghat

Ghat is a far-flung city on the edge of the historic Fezzan region. This one of the top major cities in Libya was once known to be one of the principal trading points on the Sahara-Sahel caravan route. Ghat still looks the part too, topped by its great mud-brick castle especially with all those crumbling old neighborhoods of adobe Berber homes spreading out from the base of the central mount. When the kings of the Garamantian Empire ruled the trade links between Carthage and the south in antiquity, the fortress has seen today was not actually even there. Along with the rugged caves and cliffs of the Tadrart Acacus mountains was built later by the Italians and today forms the major point of interest in the city.

 

Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libya

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