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Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza’s colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.

Most Popular Tourist Attractions In Egypt

1. Giza Pyramid Complex

The Giza Pyramid Complex is an archaeological site of great historical importance situated on the Giza Plateau, very close to the capital city of Cairo. It consists of three ancient pyramid complexes, known as the Great Pyramids, the huge sculpture called as Great Sphinx, numerous cemeteries and a worker’s village. It’s exact location is approx. 9 km west to the river Nile, at the old town of Giza and about 13 km from the Cairo city centre in the Libyan Desert.

2. Great Sphinx of Giza

Great Sphinx of Giza popularly referred to as “The Sphinx”, is a statue made of limestone portraying a reclining sphinx which is an ancient mythical creature that has the body of a lion and head of a human. The face of the Sphinx is commonly believed to be of the Pharaoh Khafre. It is facing from west to east and stands on the Giza Plateau on the western banks of the river Nile in the city Giza.

3. Abu Simbel Temples

Abu Simbel Temples are two gigantic rock temples at a place called Abu Simbel in Nubia in southern Egypt. These are situated 230 km southwest of the city of Aswan, on the western banks of Lake Nasser. The twin temples were initially engraved on the mountainside by the Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century B.C. as an eternal monument for his queen Nefertari and himself, and to honor his victory at the battle of Kadesh.

4. Karnak

Karnak is a building complex in Luxor, Egypt. It is also known by the name of ‘The Karnak Temple Complex’ and consists of a large variety of decayed temples, pylons, chapels and other buildings. Main construction of the building began during the reign of Senusret I in the middle kingdom, although many of the exterior buildings actually date from the New Kingdom. The Karnak complex contributed to the name of the surrounding nearby modern village of El-Karnak which is just two and a half kilometer north of Luxor.

5. Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum, commonly referred to as ‘Cairo Museum’ is a one-of-a-kind tourist spot in the heart of the capital, Cairo. Home to a large collection of antiques, the museum boasts of a whopping 120,000 artifacts, some in display and others kept in safe stores. It has been opened from this year (February) for public visits and is a popular tourist attraction in Egypt.


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